Benefits of traditional houses
Strength: Houses can be 50-250 years old and still be extremely strong
Thermal control: Houses remain warm in winter and cool in summer since the transfer of heat through mud, stone or timber is an extremely slow process
The context: Houses were built for a particular region understanding the cultural, historical and geographical context of that region
Community participation: Traditionally the whole village used to gather around the house being built in the evening after work hours to stomp the mud in order to prepare the walls
Man-nature bond: People using their own skills to build their own house created a special spiritual relationship with their house
Eco friendliness: Traditional houses are one with nature at all times – pre-building phase, building phase, post-building phase
’s material. This notion has drastic effects on the people as they find it difficult to get their children married if they live in a mud house. The true understanding of the word ‘parampara’ or ‘tradition’ is an evolution – of culture, lifestyle and ritual – and if this evolution of our architecture had taken place through the years (rather than a jump), nobody would have looked down upon mud and bamboo.
There is a slow movement within India and the rest of the world to bring traditional architecture to the forefront by using the technology available to us today hand-in-hand with artisans working with local and natural materials. In Himachal Pradesh, Didi Contractor is reviving the traditional earth and timber houses.